The Masons

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==Introduction Freemasonry is a fraternal organization whose membership is held together by shared moral and metaphysical ideals and—in most of its branches—by a constitutional declaration of belief in a Supreme Being.[1] The fraternity of Freemasonry uses the allegorical metaphors of operative stonemasons' tools and implements, to convey what is most generally defined as: A peculiar (some say particular or beautiful) system of morality veiled in allegory and illustrated by symbols.[2] This is illustrated in the 1991 English Emulation Ritual.[3] It is an esoteric society only in that certain aspects are private;[4] Freemasons have stated that Freemasonry has, in the 21st century, become less a secret society and more of a "society with secrets."[5][6][7] Dr. Dieter Anton Binder,[8] a historian (and not a Freemason) who is a professor at the University of Graz (Austria) describes Freemasonry as a "confidential" society in contrast to a secret society in his book Die diskrete Gesellschaft.[9] Most modern Freemasons regard the traditional concern over secrecy as a demonstration of their ability to keep a promise[10] and a concern over the privacy of their own affairs.[11] "Lodge meetings, like meetings of many other social and professional associations, are private occasions open only to members."[12][13] The private aspects of modern Freemasonry deal with the modes of recognition amongst members and elements within the[3][7] While there have been many disclosures and exposés dating as far back as the eighteenth century, Freemasons caution that these often lack the proper context for true understanding, may be outdated for various reasons,[14] or could be outright hoaxes on the part of the author.[12] In reality, Freemasons are proud of their true heritage and happy to share it, offering spokesmen, briefings for the media, and providing talks to interested groups upon request.[12] Wikipedia



Core Beliefs

General requirements

See also: Regular Masonic jurisdictions, Co-Freemasonry, and List of famous Freemasons
Generally to be a regular Freemason, a man must:[17]
  • Be a man who comes of his own free will. Traditionally, Freemasons do not actively recruit new members
  • Believe in a Supreme Being
  • Be at least the minimum age (18–25 years depending on the jurisdiction, but commonly 21)
  • Be of sound mind, body and of good morals, and of good repute
  • Be free (or "born free", i.e. not born a slave or bondsman)
  • Have one or two references from current Masons (depending on jurisdiction)
A candidate is asked 'Do you believe in a Supreme Being?'. Since an initiate is obligated on that sacred volume which is applicable to his faith, a sponsor will enquire as to an appropriate volume once a decision has been made on the applicant's suitability for initiation.
A number of Grand Lodges allow a Lewis, (the son of a Mason), to be initiated earlier than the normal minimum age for that jurisdiction.
Being of "sound body" is thought to be derived from the operative origins of Freemasonry, an apprentice would be able to meet the demands of their profession. In modern times Grand Lodges tend to encourage the use of the ritual in ways to mitigate for difficulty.
The "free born" requirement remains for purely historical reasons. Some jurisdictions have done away with it entirely.
Some Grand Lodges in the United States have a residence requirement, candidates being expected to have lived within the jurisdiction for certain period of time, typically six months.[37]
It is notable that the requirement for the candidate to have a belief in a Supreme Being is present in some, but not all, Co-Masonic bodies, leading to a significant divergence in organisational direction and philosophy.
external image 200px-Santacruzmasontemple04.jpgexternal image magnify-clip.pngMasonic temple in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

Membership and religion

Freemasonry explicitly and openly states that it is not a religion, nor a substitute for religion. "There is no separate Masonic God", nor a separate proper name for a deity in any branch of Freemasonry.[38][39]
Freemasonry requires that its candidates believe in a Supreme Being, the nature the interpretation of the term being subject to the conscience of the candidate. A wide range of faiths, drawn from the Abrahamic religions, other monotheistic religions, or non-monotheistic religions, (subject to candidates answering Yes to the Supreme Being question), include, for example, Buddhists and Hindus.
Since the early 19th Century, in the irregular Continental European tradition - irregular to those Grand Lodges in amity with UGLE - a very broad interpretation has been given to a (non-dogmatic) Supreme Being; in the tradition of Spinoza and Freemason, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - or views of The Ultimate Cosmic Oneness - along with Western atheistic idealism and agnosticism.
The Freemasonry that predominates in Scandinavia, known as the Swedish Rite, accepts only Christians.[20]

Involvement in Society Today

Charitable effort

Outside the ritual context the fraternity is widely involved in charity and community service activities, as well as providing a social outlet for the members.
Money is collected only within the membership, to be devoted to charitable purposes. Freemasonry worldwide disburses substantial charitable amounts to non-Masonic charities, locally, nationally or internationally. However in earlier centuries the charitable funds were collected more on the basis of a Provident or Friendly Society, and there were elaborate regulations to determine a petitioner's eligibility for consideration for charity, according to strictly Masonic criteria.
Masonic charities include:
  • Homes[31][32] that provide sheltered housing or nursing care.
  • Education with both educational grants[33] or residential education[34] which are open to all and not limited to the families of Freemasons.
  • Medical assistance.[35]

Who were Historical American Figures who were Masons, and how did they influence America?

  • Sir Edmund Barton ( 1st Australian Prime Minister) Born 1849 Died 1920, P/M from 1901 to 1903
  • Sir George Reid, 4th Prime Minister of Australia, Lodge Centennial No. 169, UGL of NSW
  • Sir Joseph Cook 6th Prime Minister of Australia
  • Viscount Stanley Melbourne Bruce 8th Prime Minister of Australia
  • Sir Robert Menzies, 12th Prime Minister of Australia, Austral Temple Lodge No. 110, VIC
  • Sir Arthur William Fadden 13th Prime Minister of Australia
  • Sir John Grey Gorton 19th Prime Minister of Australia
  • Sir William McMahon 20th Prime Minister of Australia
  • Sir Harry Lawson, 27th Premier of Victoria, Scotch Collegians Lodge
  • Sir Earle Christmas Grafton
  • Sir William Clarke, former Chief Justice of Victoria, first GM of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria
  • Herbert Henry "Smokey Dawson" MBE AM, country music entertainer and community leader
  • Sir Hubert Opperman, World's Fastest Bicyclist in 1930s; Government Minister; High Commissioner to Malta
  • Sir Thomas Playford, Former Premier of South Australia
  • Hugh Webster, Former Australian Science Representative to the United Nations
  • Major-General Sir Robert Risson, Past Grand Master
  • Lt-General Sir John Northcot, Past Grand Master-NSW (Initiated in Lodge Army and Navy after he was Commissioned as Governor of NSW)
  • Michael Jeffery Current Governor General

  • Edvard Beneš, Lodge Ian Amos Komensky No. 1, Prague and Lodge Pravda Vitezi
  • Omar Bongo, Past Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Gabon, 1983
  • Prime Minister Ichirō Hatoyama, Hatoyama was made a Mason in March 1955 in Tokyo
  • Nishi Amane, La Vertu Lodge No, 7, Leyden, October 20, 1864
  • HRH Colonel Sir Ibrahim, The Sultan of Johor. Initiated, 11th April 1906 in Empire Lodge No. 2108 in London.
  • H.H. Tunku Abdul Malik Ibni Sultan Badlishah, House of Kedah. Initiated, 9th January 1959, Lodge Kedah No. 3830 E.C. Sungei Petani.
  • HRH Sultan Idris Ibni Sultan Iskandar Shah, Sultan of Johor. Initiated 9th July 1960, Lodge Napier No. 3418 EC in Ipoh.
  • Dr. José Rizal, national hero and pride of the Malay race, Acacia Lodge No. 9 Spain, Logia Solidaridad 53 Madrid 1890, Nilad Lodge No. 144, 1892
  • Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Philippine Commonwealth (1935-1944), Sinukuan Lodge No. 272, 1908
  • Jose Abad Santos, former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, one of the greatest heroes of World War II. He was made a Master Mason in 1919
  • Numeriano R. Adriano, former Vice-President of the Republic, like many others gave his life (executed) during the Philippine Revolution
  • Bishop Gregorio Aglipay, revolutionary Catholic priest, excommunicated for joining the libertarian movement
  • Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, first president of the Philippine Republic. Pilar Lodge No. 203, 1895. Founder of Magdalo Lodge No. 31
  • Dr. Galicano C. Apacible, patriot and propagandist, Logia Revoluccion in Barcelona and Logia Solidaridad 53 in Madrid (mid 1880's)
  • Conrado Benitez, civic leader, esteemed educator, economist, author. Grand Master of Masons of the Grand Lodge of the Philippines in 1936
  • Nicanor Abelardo, musician/composer, "father of the sonata in the Philippines". Luzon Lodge No. 57
  • Andres Bonifacio, founded the Katipunan, a secret society established to gain independence from Spain through force. Taliba Lodge No. 165, 1892
  • Manuel Camus, philantropist and civic leader, organizer of Boy Scouts and YMCA and charity organizations. Lodge Perla del Oriente 1034, 1908
  • Marcelo H. del Pilar, soul of the Philippine Revolution. He co-founded Logia Revoluccion in Barcelona, Spain and revived Logia Solidaridad 53
  • Isabelo de los Reyes, labor leader, historian and founder of the Philippine folklore, Luz de Oriente Lodge, 1896
  • Teodoro M. Kalaw, prolific writer, scholar, orator and statesman, Nilad Lodge 1907, Gran Logia de Filipinas 1915
  • Jose P. Laurel, President of the 2nd Philippine Republic, Supreme Court Justice, patriot. Batangas Lodge No. 383
  • Graciano Lopez Jaena, gifted writer, orator, patriot. Logia Povernir No. 2, co-founded Logia Solidaridad 53 in Madrid
  • Gen. Antonio Luna, writer, dedicated patriot, foremost military strategist. Logia Solidaridad 53, Madrid
  • Apolinario Mabini, considered by many as the "Brains of the Philippine Revolution". Logia Balagtas 149, 1892
  • Camilo Osias, foremost, educator, legislator, writer. Bagumbayan Lodge No. 4, 1918
  • Rafael Palma, lawyer, statesman, educator. First Filipino president of the University of the Philippines. Bagong Buhay Lodge No. 291, 1908
  • Quintin Paredes, first Filipino Prosecuting Attorney, Attorney General, Supreme Court Justice. Sinukuan Lodge No. 16, 1913
  • Manuel Roxas, President of the Republic of the Philippines (1946-1948). Makawiwili Lodge No. 55, 1920

UK: England & Wales, and Scotland
(the two Masonic jurisdictions have never been united)
American Revolution
U.S. Presidents
U.S. Supreme Court Justices
Republic of Texas

Military leaders

  • General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, 32° Cassia Mt. Horeb Lodge No. 273, PA. Raised in Union Lodge No. 7, Junction City, Kansas, and received the higher degrees in the Army Scottish Rite bodies at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He was also a Shriner.
  • General Omar N. Bradley, West Point Lodge No. 877, NY
  • Admiral Arleigh Burke 33°
  • Major General Claire Chennault 32° K.C.C.H. League City Lodge No. 1053, League City, Texas. He was also a Shriner.
  • General Mark W. Clark, Mystic Tie Lodge No. 398, Indianapolis, IN
  • Brigadier General James Doolittle, 32° Mason and Shriner.
  • Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Elgin Lodge No. 91, Leven, Scotland
  • Admiral John Jellicoe, Past Provincial Grand Master, United Grand Lodge of England
  • Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, Made Master Mason in 1935, George C. Whiting Lodge, No. 22, D.C.
  • Lord Horatio Kitchener, Past District Grand Master of Egypt and Sudan; Past Grand Warden and District Grand Master, Punjab, India; founder of several Lodges
  • General Douglas MacArthur, 33° Manila Lodge No. 1, Philippines. Elected a Knight Commander of the Court of Honour in 1937, and was also a Shriner.
  • General George C. Marshall, Made a Mason in an Occasional Lodge with all three degrees being conferred upon him by the Grand Master of Masons in the District of Columbia, Ara L. Daniels.
  • Admiral Horatio Nelson, York Lodge No. 256.
  • General John J. Pershing, 33° Lincoln Lodge No. 19, Lincoln, NE. Fifty year Mason and a member of the Shrine.
  • Brigadier General Albert Pike, Western Star Lodge No. 2, Little Rock, Arkansas. Sovereign Grand Commander AASR, Southern Jurisdiction.
  • Captain Eddie Rickenbacker, Kilwinning Lodge No. 297, MI
  • Field Marshal Aleksandr Suvorov, Lodge Zu den Drei Kronen, Königsberg
  • Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, Lodge Zur Aufrichtigen Herzen, Frankfurt
  • General Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, Lodge at Trim No. 494, Meath, Ireland

Composers, fine artists, and popular musicians

Actors and entertainers

Industrialists and labor leaders



Athletes and other sports figures


Writers, journalists, and publishers

Lawyers, jurists, and law enforcement

Doctors, scientists, and inventors

Educators, religious leaders, and others

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